Solanaceae plantsMatteo Cereda2020-01-30T15: 50: 37 + 01: 00 Solanaceae are a large family of plants to which more than 1400 species belong, very different from each other. In the garden we find some plants of this family, such as potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, aubergines. All these plants were imported from America, apart from the aubergines which are of Asian origin, but have found widespread use in Europe and are now among the most cultivated vegetables in Italy.
Did you know that Vanilla is a orchid?It is the 2nd most expensive spice after saffron.Flowers open for only 1 day and must be pollinated by hand.Check out the wonderful infographic below from the Chicago Botanical Garden that is all about vanilla. Where it is grown, harvesting, uses and even some DIY uses.
Oncidium orchids are commonly known as the “Dancing Ladies” and have been enjoyed for centuries. In fact, the above image of Oncidium barkerii comes from L’Illustration Horticole in the year of 1854.Oncidium kramerianum, from Colombia and Ecuador is called as the “butterfly orchid,” with golden yellow flowers freckled with brown.
Dandelion or dandelion is a spontaneous herb widespread throughout Italy, it is found everywhere in nature: fields, roadsides, pastures up to 2000 meters above sea level. 60 distinct species belong to the genus taraxacum, and every spring you will certainly have noticed the characteristic yellow flowers in the meadows, and later the ball “heads” that spread the seeds of this extraordinary weed.
The spider mite is such a small parasite that it requires a careful look or rather a magnifying glass to be identified. It is a plant mite with the scientific name of Tetranychus urticae that often infests vegetable and orchard plants.We can find it on tomatoes, beans, aubergines and many other vegetables, its proliferation is harmful to the plant which inexorably loses vigor.
Basil is one of the most important aromatic herbs that we can grow in our garden, along with a few others such as sage and rosemary is one of those plants that should never be missing.Basil is an annual herbaceous plant of the lamiaceae family, native to the Asia. It is simple to cultivate and can be planted both in the ground and in pots. The main care to be taken is to avoid too low temperatures, in fact with the arrival of winter the plant dies.
If we want to have healthy vegetables in our garden we must on the one hand protect the vegetables and plants from insects and parasites, and on the other hand avoid using insecticidal chemicals that can compromise the health of those who eat the products we grow. that of using insecticides of natural origin, such as pyrethrum or neem, where the active ingredients are obtained from plants and therefore there are no chemicals.
Mice are particularly annoying animals for the vegetable garden, as they feed on vegetables and are able to dig tunnels to reach bulbs and tubers or gnaw the roots. In particular, voles, a small country rodent, are active in eating crops. These animals are disastrous for many crops, especially those with perennial rhizomes, such as asparagus or artichokes.
Harvesting is the moment in which the hard work of the horticulturist is put to good use (literally!). When harvesting vegetables is understood with experience, each vegetable has its own little signs to let us know when it is ready. Collecting vegetables at the best time is very important because it determines the quality of the food that we will then bring to the table: if we take it too early we will have unripe vegetables, while if we wait we risk rotting the fruits, hardening the seeds or withering the leaves.
Mallow is a small biennial plant, is found in the wild and lives without problems up to 1200 meters above sea level. It does not fear the cold but neither excessive heat or drought and is therefore very adaptable and cultivable throughout Italy. It has leaves with five / seven rounded lobes, the flowers are violet with streaks and appear between April and October.
Among the aromatic herbs, lemon balm is characterized by its lemon aroma and lends itself to different uses: excellent for giving a touch of originality to salads and soups, but also for decoctions or liqueurs. It is a species that can be easily grown in the garden, being a very rustic plant, so including it in our crops is an excellent idea, both to experiment with a new medicinal species and to bring biodiversity to the garden, since lemon balm attracts different beneficial insects.
Before starting to cultivate, we cannot ignore the climate and atmospheric agents to which the soil where we will grow the garden will be subjected and consequently our crops.Among the determining climatic factors there is first and foremost exposure to the sun of the terrain, but also the wind and the possibility of hail and snowfall in the winter.
Chickpeas are a very easy legume to grow, as it adapts to poor and arid soils and then gives great satisfaction as a food, being tasty and substantial.It is a decidedly rustic plant, which does not need irrigation and is also suitable for very climates. hot, only fears excessive humidity.
In the organic garden, only products of organic or natural origin should be used, avoiding toxic pesticides, harmful to the environment and to those who will then eat the vegetables grown. Among the organic insecticides, a very interesting product is bacillus thuringiensis. It is a specific product against some types of parasites, in particular it is effective to combat moth caterpillars that devour leafy vegetables, such as cabbage.
Le cipolle sono un ortaggio indispensabile in cucina: tantissime ricette e sughi non si potrebbero fare senza questa verdura. Per questo è anche un ortaggio che non può mancare in un orto che si rispetti, un’aiuola dedicata alla coltivazione delle cipolle è un must.Come pianta la cipolla (Allium cepa) fa parte della famiglia delle liliacee, parente di aglio e asparagi, si tratta di una verdura da bulbo, che coltiviamo in ciclo annuale.
Oregano is a very widespread aromatic plant in Italy. in Mediterranean areas it is found as a wild spontaneous herb, especially in sunny and drought places, it lives quietly even in the mountains up to 1200 meters high. This herb has been known for centuries as an aromatic plant, already used by the Greeks and the ancient Romans.
This tuber of American origin has now become a weed plant in Italy too. Jerusalem artichoke also takes the name of German turnip.It is a very resistant plant of the composite family, free from diseases, with a woody stem that easily exceeds two meters in height, emits characteristic yellow flowers with a shape similar to that of daisies of diameter 10cm.
Il fagiolo è una delle piante leguminose più importanti nell’orto, originaria del Perù. Si distingue principalmente in due raggruppamenti: quelli di cui si mangia il seme sgranandolo (fagioli veri e propri) e quelli in cui si mangia tutto, semi e baccello (chiamati fagiolini).La coltivazione di fagioli e fagiolini è molto simile, si tratta di legumi della stessa specie.
Snails are a disaster for the garden: they feed on plant leaves and flowers and are stubborn and voracious. The greatest damage is done by eating leafy vegetables directly, cabbages and above all beets and salads are preferred.Recognizing the damage the damage of snails is very simple: observing the eaten leaves you notice bites of large portions, generally starting from the edges, while smaller insects make smaller holes.
Wood ash is an optimal fertilizer for organic horticulture, in particular it is very useful for the home vegetable garden when you can use that produced during the winter by the fireplace or stove heating. In this way we can reuse what would otherwise be waste and transform it into a resource to enrich the garden land.